when did trade carbon creditss start

The History of Carbon Credits Trading: A Comprehensive Overview

The History of Carbon Credits Trading: A Comprehensive Overview

Carbon credits trading has become a popular mechanism used to mitigate the negative effects of climate change. This process has gained significant attention in recent years, but many people are unaware of its origins. In this article, we will explore the history of carbon credits trading, from its inception to its evolution over time.

Understanding the Concept of Carbon Credits Trading

Before delving into the history of carbon credits trading, it is essential to understand the concept of this mechanism. Carbon credits are permits that allow companies to emit a certain amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. These permits are traded on the carbon market, which is an exchange where companies can buy and sell them.

Carbon credits trading is based on the principle of cap-and-trade. Governments set a cap on the amount of greenhouse gases that companies are allowed to emit. Companies that emit less than their allocated limit can sell their excess carbon credits to other companies that emit more than their cap. This creates an economic incentive for companies to reduce their carbon emissions, as they can earn revenue by selling their excess carbon credits.

The Emergence of Carbon Credits Trading

The idea of carbon credits trading emerged in the early 1990s. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was established in 1992, with the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. One of the mechanisms established under the UNFCCC was the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). The CDM allows developed countries to offset their greenhouse gas emissions by investing in clean energy projects in developing countries.

The Kyoto Protocol, which was adopted in 1997, provided the framework for the establishment of carbon credits trading. The Protocol created a legally binding commitment for developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. Under the Protocol, developed countries could meet their emissions reduction targets by investing in clean energy projects in developing countries or by purchasing carbon credits from them.

The first carbon market was established in Europe in 2005. The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) created a market for carbon credits in the European Union. The EU ETS is the largest carbon market in the world and covers more than 10,000 companies that emit around 40% of the EU’s greenhouse gases.

The Evolution of Carbon Credits Trading

Since the establishment of the EU ETS, carbon credits trading has evolved significantly. Today, there are several carbon markets around the world, including the Chicago Climate Exchange, the California Carbon Market, and the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative.

The Paris Agreement, which was adopted in 2015, has provided a further impetus for the development of carbon credits trading. The Agreement aims to limit the increase in global temperatures to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. To achieve this goal, countries have pledged to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. Carbon credits trading is expected to play a significant role in helping countries meet their emissions reduction targets.

In recent years, there has been a growing interest in voluntary carbon credits trading. Voluntary carbon credits are purchased by companies and individuals who want to offset their carbon footprint. These credits are not part of any government-mandated emissions reduction scheme and are not subject to the same regulatory requirements as compliance credits.

In conclusion, carbon credits trading has come a long way since its inception in the early 1990s. Today, it is an essential mechanism for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and mitigating the negative effects of climate change.

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